Framing

I don’t think I have such a strong composition but I don’t think it’s that bad either. I also think I did not a great job at editing these pictures but I did try and they look better than not edited. If I had to redo this assignment then I would get better lighting to make it better because the lighting in these pictures were horrible. Also, I’m sure others took better pictures that deserve to be on the home page.

File Formats

JPEG

  When you save something as a JPEG all the files are compressed quickly and lose detail because it is set up to store as many pictures it can on the memory card.

TIFF

  The files on this file format are uncompressed and in result of this files being uncompressed, it take much more space on memory card and  on the computer.

RAW

Raw files are compressed that keep all the information from the original capture. In other words, the white balance, exposure, contrast, saturation, sharpness can be changed with an editing program.

DNG

DNG is a file format created by Adobe to be used like RAW but the problem with RAW is that you may not be able to access those photos in a couple of years so DNG gives maximum security to the files.

PNG

  The PNG file formats are better use for the internet because they are retained in a lossless format that keeps all digital detail.

GIF

GIF work better for the internet too since the pictures are lossless, the image quality is not sacrificed and allows animation but GIF are limited to 256 colours.

BMP

  BMP is also a lossless file format and was created by Microsoft initially and now it is also used for Mac. These files are large file sizes as colour data is saved in each individual pixel in the image without any compression.

PSD

Adobe Photoshop uses this file format as a default to save data because it allows manipulation on specific individual layers.

 

 

 

Surrealism

pug man
This picture was made by Salvador Ali and I chose this picture because it looks amazing and the picture has multiple interesting looks. The picture has many colors that I think make the picture stand out more because the colors can bring more attention to the viewers eyes. I think the artist is trying to tell the viewers that books are powerful. In the picture we can see a tree coming out of the book as a symbol for intelligence. I think the objects that are seen in the background give more interest to the picture because it doesn’t really have a theme.

Camera Modes

Automatic Modes

Automatic Mode

Auto mode allows your camera to make its very best guess at what you are shooting so it will fix the aperture, ISO, shutter speed, focus and flash. You will usually get great shots with this mode but that won’t always be the case because the camera doesn’t know what you really want to shoot.

Portrait Mode

Portrait mode will always work the best when you want to take photos of a single shot because it will automatically set a large aperture and a depth of field for the background. This works so your background is out of focus and the center of attention is your subject.

Macro Mode

Macro mode works best when you want to take pictures of small objects such as flowers, insects or tiny todays because macro mode allows you to take a closer shot of your subject. The thing is that some cameras will come with different capabilities such as different focusing distances.

Landscape Mode

Landscape mode is the ideal mode when you want to take wide shots. This mode works as the opposite of portrait because it will want to focus every little thing it can in the photo by setting up a small aperture and at times, a slower shutter speed.

Sport Mode

Sport mode (action mode) is what will work the best when you want to take pictures of moving objects such as wildlife, sports, pet and cars. The shutter speed in this mode will increase so it can attempt freezing the image and capture the scene without any blurriness.

Night Mode

Night mode (slow shutter sync) is a mode that will work the best when you are shooting with low light. This mode will set your camera with a longer shutter speed so it is able to help capture more details in the photo and it will release a flash to illuminate the background more.

Movie Mode

Movie mode comes in most cameras and it will help you go from capturing still images from moving images. The quality for this mode is not up to video camera standards but it will be helpful for when the perfect subject can’t be captured in a still image.

Semi Automatic Modes

Aperture Priority Mode (A or AV)

Aperture Priority mode is a mode where you manually set your aperture and your camera sets your other settings automatically. This mode works best when you want to control the depth of field in your shot.

Shutter Priority Mode (S or TV)

Shutter Priority mode is a little similar to aperture but in this mode you’re setting the shutter speed manually. This mode obviously works when you want control over the shutter speed but also works when you want to capture fast moving objects. A faster shutter speed will help capture a better image.

Program Mode (P)

Program mode comes in some digital cameras with auto mode. Cameras that have both modes included, program mode is similar to to auto but it gives you more control over some features.

Fully Manual Mode

Manual Mode

Manual Mode is a bit different from other modes because in this mode, you have full control of your camera’s settings. You will have to set your aperture, shutter speed, white balance, etc., manually but obviously you will need to know how to control them and what kind of shot you’ll be taking.

 

 

Cindy Sherman

This photograph by Cindy Sherman was one to really catch my attention. I felt like this was good picture because the picture was taken at a good angle that makes her, the subject, look very well. The black and white color of the pictures also makes the picture great by making it seem that it was taken in the old days. The background in this picture contributes to the greatness of this picture by just adding more objects to the shot. I think that without the building in the background, it would’ve made the picture look plain. The buildings add some spice to the picture. I, overall, think this picture is amazing.

Lenses

  1. There’s never a right or wrong answer for which kind of lenses to get
  2. The kind of lens to get will most likely depend on what you’re shooting
  3. Expensive cameras will have a fixed aperture and less expensive cameras will have variable apertures
  4. Wide angles will work best for landscapes and tight areas
  5. Using wide angles will give volume to tight areas
  6. No interest in the foreground, not being close enough and including to much in the scene are some of the mistakes made when using wide angles
  7. Wide angles allow objects to appear further than what they are
  8. The standard lenses are great “walk around lenses”
  9. These standard lenses will allow both wide angle shots and portrait shots
  10. Portrait shots are taken with standard lenses by zooming in to the telephoto end of the lens
  11. Standard zoom is mostly included in SLR kits that come with lenses
  12. Prime lenses are lenses with just one focal length
  13. Telephoto zooms are best helpful for portrait shots but tends to make the photographer lazy
  14. When an object is not approachable then it is best to use telephoto zoom
  15. Telephoto zoom makes the objects appear closer in the pictures than what they really are
  16. Faster telephoto lenses have larger maximum apertures
  17. Shooting with a faster aperture is great when you’re photographing sports
  18. Micro lens work best when shooting tiny things
  19. All lens have their own purpose
  20. The use of lens will always depend on the photographer’s knowledge and skills

Depth of Field Explained

The depth of field refers to how much of the picture is being focused. At times you don’t want your whole picture to be focused so you want to blur out the background. When you blur out your background, you give more attention to your subject. The depth of field is controlled by the aperture in your camera and the distance from the subject. After learning how to control your aperture manually, it is important that you know how much depth of field you want in your photograph.

Most digital cameras come with a Depth of Field Preview button by the lens mount. The type of camera you have also affects the depth of field. The size of the image sensor inside your camera is what rally makes the difference. The bigger the sensor is, the more shallow the depth of field will be. This information will help with shoot better portraits. Portraits come out better when they have the perfect depth o field whether you are capturing people or animals.